
[ended]Mathematics Tutoring Session #11 (Linear Inequalities[Tues. 1st Mar 2016, 3:00  4:00pm])
Mathematics
Emmanuel Iwara(Tutor)
01032016 12:40:00 +0000Linear Inequality is most fundamental in the world of mathematics often tested by Jamb and other exams.
This session has ended for today
In mathematics a linear inequality is an inequality which involves a linear function. A linear inequality contains one of the symbols of inequality: < is less than. > is greater than. ≤ less than or equal to.≥ greater than or equal to.
Solving inequalities does not create any problem, as the approach, manner and steps are the same as in linear equations.
Example 1 .Solve the inequality 4x + 12 <2
Solution
4x < 2  12(collecting like terms)
4x <10
x < 10/4
x< 5/2
Example 2. Solve the Inequality
(3x + 4)/ x ≥ 3x/(x + 2)
Solution
Multiplying both sides by x(x+2)
x(x + 2)(3x + 4)/ x ≥ x(x+2)(3x)/ (x + 2)
= (x + 2)(3x + 4)≥ x(3x)
= [3x^{2} + 4x + 6x + 8) ≥ 3x^{2}
Collecting like terms
3x^{2} 3x^{2} + 4x + 6x + 8 ≥ 0
= 10x + 8 ≥ 0
x = 8/10
Example 3. Solve the inequality
(2x^{2} + x ≥ x^{2}  4x 6)
Solution
Collecting like terms we have
x^{2} + 5x + 6 ≥ 0
Factorizing
(x + 2)(x + 3) = 0
(x + 2 = 0 or x + 3 = 0)
(x = 2 or x = 3)
Example 4.Solve the inequality
6 < x + 2< 8
Solution
Case1
6 <x+2<8
x + 2 >6
x > 4
Case 2
(x + 2)< 6
x<8
Thus
x>4 or x<8
Also
x + 2<8
Case 1
x + 2 > 8
x > 6
and
Case 2
x + 2 > 8
x > 10
Written as 10<x < 6
Hence the solution to the problem above = (10< x < 8 as well as 4 < x < 6)
Example 5. Example 5. Solve the rational inequality
(x^{2}  3x + 2) / (x^{2} 9)≥ 0
Solution
(x^{2}  3x + 2) / (x^{2} 9)≥ 0 = (x1)(x2)/(x3)(x+3) when factorize
This rational function will be zero when the numerator is zero.
Thus
(x1)(x2) = 0
[(x1) = 0 or (x2) = 0]
[x = 1 or x = 2]
The rational function will be undefined wherever the denominator is zero.
Thus
(x 3)(x+3) = 0
(x3) = 0 or (x+3) = 0
[x= 3 or x = 3]
Hence the solution is
x≤ 3; 1≤ x ≤ 2; x≥ 3.
Example 6.Solve x3 ≤6
Solution
Case 1.
x3 ≤ 6
x≤ 6 +3
x≤ 9
and
x3≥6
x ≥6 +3
x≥ 3
Hence solution is
x≥ 3 and x≤ 9
Now try and see if you can solve the following Past Jamb Questions
1. Determine the real numbers x satisfying x(x +x)>2.
2.List the Integers satisfying the inequality 2≤2x6≥4
3. Find the range of values x which satisfy the inequality x/2 + x/3 + x/4 < 1
4.Solve the inequality (x1)(x+2)/(x4) ≤ 0
5.Solve x+3 ≤ 4

Emmanuel Iwara(Tutor)
Hello class inequality is one of the most interesting topic one need to know as to advance in the world of mathematics. example 5 is less than x, implies that 5 is not inclusive but that the numbers are 1,2 3,and 4.
0 01032016 14:15:00 +0000

Emmanuel Blessing
5. x is greater or equal to 1 and x is lesser or equal to 9
0 01032016 14:16:00 +0000

Emmanuel Iwara(Tutor)
@Emmanuel Blessing x(x+2) is the L.C.M of the algebraic fraction (3x+4)/x greater than or equal to 3x/(x+2).
0 01032016 14:21:00 +0000

Emmanuel Iwara(Tutor)
@Emmanuel Blessing thanks for giving a try ,but want you to check your working solution to no.4. Stay close the solutions to the questions will be post after the section is over.
0 01032016 14:31:00 +0000

Emmanuel Iwara(Tutor)
@Omotayo thanks, but the question demand the real values of x
0 01032016 14:33:00 +0000

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