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Physics

Chima Sunday (Tutor)
29-02-2016 12:17:00 +0000

The concept Measurement of Heat Energy is one of the fundamentals in Thermal Physics, often tested in JAMB and other exams. so lets take a quick look on this topics. Come along with your questions. and were you need more explanations.
Welcome and enjoy your time. This section has ended

Measurement of Heat Energy
Heat is a form of energy called thermal energy that flows due to temperature difference.
Specific Heat Capacity of Materials
recall that Q ∝ mδθ removing proportionality
∴ Q = cmδθ
where Q is the quantity of heat, m is the mass, δθ is the change in temperature and c is the specific heat capacity of the material.
Thus Specific heat capacity of a substance is the quantity of heat required to raise temperature of unit mass (1kg) of a substance through a degree rise in temperature(i.e 1oC or 1k).
Heat Capacity H
The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of the entire body through one degree rise in temperature(1k)
H = mc,
H = heat capacity, m = mass, c = specific heat capacity.
We can measure the specific heat capacity in two methods (a) method of mixture (2)Electrical method.
Latent Heat.
Latent heat of Fusion is the heat energy required to convert a substance from its solid form to its liquid form without any change in temperature.When a unit mass of that substance is to be considered, we talk of the specific latent heat of fusion (L)
thus Lf = Q/m. its unit is in j/kg.
Also, the specific latent heat of vapourisation of a substance is the quantity of heat required to change a unit mass of substance from liquid to vapour without any change in temperature.
the formula still holds Lv= Q/m
Once again Welcome!

Don't forget to fill our the survey after the session:

• umar she hu

tanks

0 29-02-2016 12:18:00 +0000

• Okon Daniel

am with u

0 29-02-2016 12:40:00 +0000

• Okon Daniel

Equal masses of two liquids X and Y at temperatures 30°c and 80°c respectively are mixed such that the temperature of the mixture is T. If the specific heat of X is twice that of Y,the value of T is___________?

0 29-02-2016 12:53:00 +0000

thanks

0 29-02-2016 13:56:00 +0000

• Reagan James

0 29-02-2016 14:21:00 +0000

• Abdulaziz Umar

Pls I'm interested I'm having jamb tomorrow

0 29-02-2016 14:48:00 +0000

• Chima Sunday (Tutor)

Yah, once again you are specially welcome to today's tutorial, promised to make wort the time. Feel free to ask all your questions while i will try within my power to give you a satisfactory answer. I'm pleased to have you here. Welcome

0 29-02-2016 15:03:00 +0000

• Chima Sunday (Tutor)

@Okon Daniel, recall that if there is no heat loss to the environment, then heat gain by the one on lower temperature is equal to heat loss by the one on higher temerature.
i.e Heat Gain by X= Heat Loss By Y
so heat gain by X = QX = mXcX(T - 30)
also Heat loss by Y = Qy = mycy(80 - T)
from the question, my = mxand cX = 2cy
so heat gain = heat loss
Qx = Qy
my2cy(T - 30) = mycy(80 - T)
by cancelling
2T - 60 = 80 - T
3T = 140
T = 46.7o<\small>

0 29-02-2016 15:20:00 +0000

• Chima Sunday (Tutor)

Hello are we still there can any one try this one
Jamb 2015 Question 14 A block of aluminum of mass m is heated electrically by 25W heater. if the temperature rises by 10oC in 5 minutes. Calculate the heat capacity of the aluminum.
Option A 750JK-1
Option B 1250JK-1
Option C 125JK-1
Option D 5OJK-1
updated solution work done by heater = heat gain by metal Solution Here, m is the mass of Aluminum Temperature T =10°C Time t = 5 mins. = 5 × 60 = 300s Heat absorbed = electrical energy m × c × T = P × t Where c is the specific heat capacity and mc = H(Heat capacity) H × 10 = 25 × 300 H = 25 * 300/10 = 25 * 30 = 750J/k Answer is option A

0 29-02-2016 15:24:00 +0000